Breast Cancer - The Facts

13/10/2010

The information below was Published in The Globe on 13th October 2010.


BREAST CANCER:   THE FACTS...

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in the UK.
In 2007, 45,700 women and 277 men in the UK were diagnosed with the disease.

In 2009, that figure was 45,500 women and 300 men.
Female breast cancer rates have risen by 50% in the last 25 years.
They have increased by 5% in the last 10 years.
Eight in 10 breast cancers are diagnosed in women over 50.
Nearly two out of three women with breast cancer now survive it beyond 20 years. Worldwide, 1.38m. women were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2008.
Western Europe has the highest incidence rates and Africa and Asia the lowest.
In the 1970s, five out of 10 women survived breast cancer. Now itís more than eight out of 10.

WHAT CAUSES IT?

Women with a mother, sister or daughter diagnosed with the disease are at almost double the risk.

Obesity increases the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer by up to 30%.
For women currently using hormone replacement therapy, the risk is increased by 66%.

For those using the oral contraceptive, the risk is increased by around 25%.
In men, its causes are high oestrogen levels, exposure to radiation, a family history or a rare genetic condition called Klinefelterís syndrome, where a male has an extra X chromosome.



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